painted in this style consist of countless colored points. The motif and color can only be seen from a distance, as the eye combines the different colored points to form a new color. The composition of the picture is strictly geometric and often has an ornamental effect.
At the beginning of the 1880s, the painter Georges Seurat dealt intensively with this style of painting and the then still new knowledge of color theory. He studied phenomena such as additive color mixing and simultaneous contrast, whereupon he developed the new painting style from these findings. Small dots and points of color in pure colors are placed next to each other at regular intervals without mixing them on the canvas. Seen up close, such a picture consists only of seemingly arbitrarily placed, motley dots. Only when you go back a few steps can you recognize the intended overall color impression from a certain distance. The eye of the beholder automatically turns the colorful points into new colored surfaces and shapes.
When Georges Seurat died in 1891, Paul Signac took his place as the leading theorist and painter of pointillism.
One of the few German representatives of pointillism was Paul Baum, who is known for his depictions of landscapes in Flanders and the Netherlands.
Foto: Georges Seurat: Ein Sonntagnachmittag auf der Insel La Grande Jatte (1884–1886) Georges Seurat, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons